Recently, I stumbled upon an expression created by (I don’t know exactly who) who supposedly would mean “O, my God!”. Alright, cool. That’s something handy to create and compose in Quenya. You may use it a lot, mainly here in the internet.
But here’s the deal: according to the one who created it, OMG = YIE (Yé inya Eru)
Yé…what? Yes, Yé inya Eru. Anyway, let’s research together what that 3 words mean!
According to the ultimate source in Tolkien knowledge and Quenya vocabulary compilation, Quettaparma says:
yé (1) interjection “lo!” (VT47:31), also occurring in Aragorn’s exclamation when he found the sapling of the White Tree. (Compare yéta-.) Also in the ejaculation yé mána (ma) = “what a blessing” or “what a good thing!“ (VT49:41). The more literal meaning would seem to be *“behold the blessing!”
yé (2) conj.? “what is more”, also yëa(VT47:31)
[yé (3) = ye #3, q.v.]
[ye (3), also yé, prep. “as” (VT43:16, struck out; in the text in question Tolkien finally settled on sívë, q.v.)]
Ok, so we assume the only meaning possible here, #1. Keep tracking! Yé = lo! Now second word:
inya (1) adj. “female” (INI)
inya (2) adj. “small” (LT1:256; this “Qenya” word may be obsoleted by # 1 above)
Uh-uh….problems arise here. Inya as an isolated word means NOTHING. There are 2 meanings, both adjectives, one is abandoned and they don’t make sense in the composed expression “Yé inya Eru”. Last and easiest word is:
Eru divine name “the One” = God (VT43:32, VT44:16-17), “the One God” (Letters:387), a name reserved for the most solemn occasions (WJ:402). Often in the combination Eru Ilúvatar, “Eru Allfather” (cf. MR:112). GenitiveEruo(MR:329, VT43:28/32), dative Erun(VT44:32, 34). The adjectival formEruva “divine” (Eruva lissëo “of divine grace”, VT44:18) would be identical to the form appearing in the possessive case. Compound nouns: Eruhantalë“Thanksgiving to Eru”, a Númenórean festival (UT:166, 436), Eruhin pl.Eruhíni “Children of Eru”, Elves and Men (WJ:403; SA:híni, cf. Eruhîn inLetters:345), Eruion *”son of God” (or “God the Son”?) (VT44:16),Erukyermë “Prayer to Eru”, a Númenórean festival (UT:166, 436),Erulaitalë “Praise of Eru”, a Númenórean festival (UT:166, 436), Eruamillë“Mother of God” (in Tolkien’s translation of the Hail Mary, VT43:32, see also VT44:7), Eruontari, Eruontarië other translations of “Mother (Begetter) of God” (VT44:7, 18), Erusén “the children of God” (RGEO:74; this is a strange form with no plural ending; contrast the synonym Eruhíni.) #Eruanna and #erulissë, various terms for “grace”, literally “God-gift” and “God-sweetness”, respectively (VT43:29; these words are attested in the genitive and instrumental case, respectively: Eruanno, erulissenen).
Jackpot here! That’s absolutely correct, right in the spot. Eru = God!
After the analyzed points, one can ask: How can I say OMG in Quenya then?
And here’s the analysis:
a (1) vocative particle “O” in a vanimar “O beautiful ones” (LotR3:VI ch. 6, translated in Letters:308); also attested repeatedly in VT44:12 (cf. 15): A Hrísto *”o Christ”, A Eruion *”o God the son/son of God”, a Aina Fairë *”o Holy Spirit”, a aina Maria *”o holy Mary”.
–nya pronominal suffix, 1st person sg. possessive, “my” (VT49:16, 38, 48), e.g.tatanya *”my daddy” (UT:191, VT48:17), meldonya *”my [male] friend”(VT49:38), meldenya *”my [female] friend” (Elaine inscription),omentienya *”my meeting” (PE17:68), tyenya “my tye” (tye being an intimate form of “you”), used = “dear kinsman” (VT49:51, 56). This ending seems to prefer i as its connecting vowel where one is needed, cf. Anarinya“my sun” in LR:72, so also in hildinyar “my heirs”. It was previously theorized by some that a final –ë would also be changed to –i– before –nya, but the exampleórenya “my heart [órë]” indicates that this is not the case (VT41:11).
Careful, lil’ elves….you know….All that glitters is not gold