Physics… One of the oldest sciences, dating to the ancient Greek philosophers, before even Socrates. It tries to satisfy an evergrowing need of the humankind to understand what the hell is this weird place we call home, the Universe.
A some of you may already know, I myself am a physics student, so it was about time I made this post
For a good while I had this idea on my mind… What physics topic could I translate to Quenya? I talked to Erunno a few times about it, but he, as usual, told me I should leave the Dark Side of the Force. Then it struck me like an apple falling on my head.
Isaac Newton’s laws of motion!
Why? Oh well… It’s simple. Newton was a hell of a genius. He studied astronomy, he developed a new kind of mathematics called calculus and he simply understood how most bodies move! (unless, of course, you want things moving near the speed of light… Then you’ll have to call our friend Albert Einstein). Without him, we would never ever have reached the scientific advances we have.
So here they are: Sanyer Nyutonwa Levien Quenyanna!
Ilya hroa serë tápina hya úvistala leviëssë tëanna, tenna levië ahya napanna túrenen.
Newton’s first law tells us that a movement can only be changed (ie: its speed can only vary) if all vectorial forces added to the body result in a vector different to the null vector. Whaaat? If I push a box on one side and you do it with equal force on the other, it won’t move. In general terms: if there is one (or more!) force overpowering the others, the body will move.
I ahië leviéva ná nyarna napanna túrenen, ar lelyëas tentaina tëanna napanna túrenen.
The second law tells us that a body’s acceleration is related to its mass and the force applied to it. In general terms: there is relation between the force added to a body and the change of speed it’ll get. And what defines this is mass.
Ilya carda illumë carë imya ar ilimya encarda: i túrë hroar atta ná illumë imya ar tentaina ilimyë tiennar.
This is probably the most common law: the action and reaction. It seems like a very easy concept… But it can get complicated. This law says that whenever a body interacts with another producing a force, this force has the same magnitude (ie. intensity) on both bodies, but directed to opposite sides. Whaaaaat? Slap the face of the nearest person to you. No, just kidding, don’t do that. But let’s suppose you did. It would hurt him/her, but it would also hurt you back. Get up and walk. Your feet try to push the ground, but the ground pushes back, allowing you to move. Beautiful, isn’t it?
You may be asking yourselves… Why did I use tinco for force (instead of fórmen, for example). Why that Sarati to represent the Σ? And why Sarati instead of Tengwar? Well… As that is a more complicated matter, that requires deeper explanations and understanding of physical concepts (and more Quenya knowledge), I’ll leave it to a separated post, coming later this week. I hope you enjoyed it… This was by far one of the hardest posts I did… And without Erunno’s help, it would never come out. Thanks also to Erutulco for the Tengwar LaTeX packages (an idea for a future post, maybe?), as they gave me many ideas on how to write these equations.
See you next time!