# Category Archives: Physics

## Q101 Autumn Collection

…is released to celebrate the 1st anniversary of Q101 Shop!

How fast! 1 year has flown by! You know what time it is, right? Time for new designs!

Check the NEW Q101 Shop Collection!

Here are some of our new products and designs:

Get dressed to celebrate this 1st year in elvish style with Q101 Shop…

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## Facebook 2.0 (Elvish like a Boss)

Do you remember when we created our Facebook campaign? It’s been a year and let’s renew it with the release of not one but several Facebook covers for you, Tolkien fan and crazy for Quenya!

Quite simple! Grab the images below and use them as you wish! Spread them, share, like, whatever you feel like! It’s a lil’ gift for you! (even though mommy says don’t accept things with elvish writing from strangers, specially rings)

So, here we go:

## Quenya Gothic Pointers

When you feel basic.

## LK – Lembas King

When you feel hungry.

## Beerday!

When you feel like partying.

## Elvish Love

When you feel in love.

## White Trees

When you feel artistic.

## Antaparma

When you feel social.

## Newton?

When you feel smart.

## Cup of coffee

When you feel you need caffeine!

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Filed under Ads, Art, Elvish, Facebook, Food & Drink, Love, Physics, Quenya, Tengwar, Tolkien

# 200th

This is the 200th post of Quenya101 Language Institute. Since our humble beginning here much has changed! Pages were created, sections were born, new things popped up, Quenya Masters were admitted as permanent staff of our institute.

Now, we come to the 2nd edition of the White Tree Awards to celebrate and recognize the best posts since 11/30/11 until 10/19/12. You know, it’s like the Oscars…but cooler 😀 😀 ….everything tastes cooler when Tolkien and Quenya is involved!

And the White Tree goes to…

## Most Engaging

Surely, the most engaging one with the open invitation to every single one to become a Quenya Master and play an active role as part of Quenya101 staff.

## Most Philological

Quendi & Eldar series (including its Sindarin and Telerin posts as well) treated with details of elvish culture and the words used to describe themselves as race.

## Most Polemic

After this amazingly interesting article you may question yourself about their ears…but they still keep looking good! Pointed or not….elves rule!

With one single retweet from a girl on a Sunday afternoon, this post blew up all records of visit at that time! Remarkable ink with a remarkable story here too!

## Most Watched

Music to the eyes! We all have our different passions in music, but epics are epics and the video at the bottom of this post cannot deny its nature.

## Most Jaw-dropping

The post is not a big deal but behind it, it’s huge! Documents unpublished written by Tolkien himself related to the creation of the Tengwar alphabet! H-U-G-E!

And now the major prizes!!!

## Best Rated

### Tengwar Kanji

Mixing Tengwar alphabet with Kanji concept…..why not? Creativity = +10.

## Best Funny

### Silly Marillion

The ultra famous documentary of the creation of Eä a.k.a. Eä.

## Best Translation

### Annie Lennox – Into the West (full Quenya version)

Finally, an accurate translation of this classic of LotR!

## Best Attraction

### Ingolë Levië Quenyanna

Why don’t we spice up the world of Physics with a little pinch?

## Best Commented

### The Ultimate Elvish Tattoo Collection

101 ways of NOT screwing up with your skin.

## Best People’s Choice

### Elvish Calendar now easier than ever!

Counting days with 1 click! It’s a hell of a tool & people have chosen it!

### Well, well…

this is it. White Tree Awards 2 ends but before the final curtain closes, I’ll give you an extra pass for the after party! 😀 Check the personal highlights of Quenya101 staff:

Erunno says: “I’d like to congratulate Ondo & Erutulco for the amazing ideas, posts, contributions to develop and enhance the quality of Quenya101. This place would lack many thing without you two! When voting for the Best Ones here, I was sure injustices would be made but we gotta choose and here are my personal choices. They are all about originality and execution. Newton and Calendar really deserve the prize!”

Ondo says: “I simply loved Erutulco’s Into the West translation. And the Calendar! It’s a tie between both. As we have to choose only one…The Calendar. Why? It’s totally original, different from everything we’ve seen before! I’m also tied between Elvish Heraldry and Quendi & Eldar. Damn, let’s go with Heraldry as it’s something I love. Damn, this is hard!”

Erutulco says: “Very tough! But here’s my decision: Huge tie between Ondo’s I Lindë Helcë ar Nárëo (Asta II) & (Isaac Newton + Physics)² X Quenya = !!!. I’d like to vote both, but since we can only one, mine goes to Newton’s laws. Mostly because of the creativity of such a task, with the Sarati and being so perfectly done. The ones I love most from Erunno are Quendi & Eldar and Tengwar Kanji. I choose the latter for its originality.”

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## Ingolë Levië Quenyanna

Hello again! This post is based on my last post, (Isaac Newton + Physics)² X Quenya = !!!. The main goals of this post are to explain the translations, as there are some really weird things there and also explain the Newton’s Laws of Motion, so important to physics. This post will require some more advanced physics notions, that I’ll introduce in the next paragraph, and also some more Quenya and Tengwar knowledge,  but nothing extremely hard.

So let’s start defining a few physics concepts. Let’s start with force, as it’s the most important object of study in the laws.

The Force a.k.a. $\vec{F}$

Force is an influence that causes  an object (or a body) to change its state, either it being a movement, direction of geometrical construction change. Here, we’re only going to use the first two changes: we’ll only treat of movement and direction changes, which requires the introduction of the next concept, the vector.

$\vec{0}$

A vector is an object with two qualities: magnitude (sometimes called length) and direction. Imagine an arrow flying away from a bow: the arrow has a fixed length and a fixed direction, which can only be changed by external means. Vectorial units are always represented with an arrow above the symbol, like this: $\vec{F}$ . It’s very important in physics, as when something is moving, it goes somewhere with a certain speed or velocity. But what’s that? Speed describes how fast an object is moving, while velocity also states in which direction it is going. In other words, it’s the rate at which a body “walks” a certain distance through time. It’s usually represented as $\vec{v}$. I shall treat them as synonyms here. But as we all know, speed isn’t always constant. When you get in a car, you have to accelerateit for it to speed up, right? Which leads to our next (and last, for now) concept: acceleration.

F***ing fast $\vec{a}$.

Acceleration is the rate at which speed changes through time, and always has a corresponding force (as will be explained later, on the second law) and is represented as $\vec{a}$.

So now we have everything (or almost) needed to understand the laws!

## Law I

Lex I: Corpus omne perseverare in statu suo quiescendi vel movendi uniformiter in directum, nisi quatenus a viribus impressis cogitur statum illum mutare.
Law I: Every body persists in its state of being at rest or of moving uniformly straight forward, except insofar as it is compelled to change its state by force impressed.

Newton’s first law, as explained on the last post, says that speed can only be changed by a force applied. So far so good. Let’s go to the Quenya version of it:

Sanyë 1: Ilya hroa serë tápina hya úvistala leviëssë tëanna, tenna levië ahya napanna túrenen.

Let’s check that out:

úvistala leviëssë tëanna:  unchanging movement towards a straight line. See the vector there? The direction is explicit here: a straight line! This means this is a vectorial unit: it has magnitude AND direction!

levië ahya:  This one is a little tricky. If you check Quettaparma, lev- is the verb move. So you can see another application of an early defined concept: speed. Speed is the moving of a body, so levië (gerund of move) is the perfect word for that! If you go further on Quettaparma, you’ll see there’s the verb horta (speed) and the noun hortalë (speeding). Why not those? You’ll understand later on. BUT WAIT A MINUTE! That’s not what’s written there! I know! It was not a literal translation, I translated the meaning of the sentence. The meaning shall be given later.

napanna túrenen:  by an added force. Another concept here, force.

The literal meaning of my translation is the following:

Law I: Every body rests stopped or in unchanging movement towards a straight line, until speed changes by a force added.

Physically, it’s pretty much the same. Uncle Newton flourished them too much.

Let’s go to the first formula now!

First, the $\sum_{ }^{ }$. It’s the capital Greek letter Sigma (Σ), which, in math, represents a summation of many similar terms. In this case, it represents the sum of all the $\vec{F}$ forces on the body. After a lot of discussion with Erunno and Erutulco, we came to a conclusion that for Greek letters, we could use a different, more ancient alphabet…. Sarati! That symbol represents the letter w. But why? Well, Erunno did some crazy researches on the dark sides (of the force) of some weird things and found out that wō is a Common Eldarin word for together. What is sum if not putting things together? So… perfect!

Second, the force $\vec{F}$. This one is pretty straight forward. I used tinco, as it’s the first tengwa for túrë (force). But…. There is a vector there! As you can see, I added a straight line on top of it (sometimes it’s used as a nasal mark in Tengwar English – no idea on other modes), so it’ll do a similar work to the arrow upwards the “normal” arrows on the latin alphabet.

The vectorial zero($\vec{0}$) was changed to the numerical Tengwa for zero, with the vector as well.

That double arrow thingy is an “if, and only if” condition, also meaning a double implication. This means that once one condition is met, the other will be as well.

“Hey, there’s an lambë there” Yes, remember that I defined levië as speed? 😉 No vectors there, as I’m representing only the magnitude (module, if you preffer). If it had a vector, no problems.

And what about the “ú” there? Well, in the original formula,  I used k as constant (unchanging), a common notation in maths. For the Quenya version, úvistala (unchanging) was used.

## Law II

Lex II: Mutationem motus proportionalem esse vi motrici impressae, et fieri secundum lineam rectam qua vis illa imprimitur.
Law II: The alteration of motion is ever proportional to the motive force impress’d; and is made in the direction of the right line in which that force is impress’d.

Newton’s second law is mostly mathematics. Let’s check it out:

Sanyë II: I ahië leviéva ná nyarna napanna túrenen, ar lelyëas tentaina tëanna napanna túrenen.

Nothing new to be introduced here, let’s go straight to the literal translation:

Law II: The changing of movement is related to an added force, and goes directed toward a straight line by the force applied

Well, the importance of this law is the formula: the most important of classic mechanics. Everything else can, someway, be obtained from this.

The first part is the usual, $\sum_{}^{}\vec{F}$, nothing new here. The magic starts on the second part. The $m$ here represents mass (usually confused with weight), and is measured in grams (or, more usually, in kilograms). As you can see, no vectors here. A body has mass, it is part of it and it’s not directed towards anything. Why the “e”? Well, in Quenya, erma is a word for matter (more specifically, basic matter), and as mass is the amount of matter, perfect! The next one, $\vec{a}$, acceleration, is the trickiest of them all. There’s an hyarmen there. And the line is below it. Whaaaat? Well, the hyarmen stands for hortalë, which can be translated as speeding. Wait…. Speeding? Yes! It can be interpreted (at least in my humble opinion) as the changing of speed, which, by definition, is acceleration. And the vector line, well, aesthetics.

## Law III

Lex III: Actioni contrariam semper et æqualem esse reactionem: sive corporum duorum actiones in se mutuo semper esse æquales et in partes contrarias dirigi.
Law III: To every action there is always an equal and opposite reaction: or the forces of two bodies on each other are always equal and are directed in opposite directions.

Third law is the action and reaction one. I won’t explain it, as it’s the most known and there’s the first post to check it. Let’s go for the translation.

Sanyë III: Ilya carda illumë carë imya ar ilimya encarda: i túren atta hroar ná illume imya ar tentaina ilimyë tiennar.

Carda & encarda:  This one was found by Erunno, a life-saver! Carda means deed and comes from the verb car- (to make), so it can be used as action. The prefix en- means again, re-, so, by extension, it’s a reaction.

Imya & ilimya: Also suggested by Erunno. Imya means equal, and the prefix il- is an equivalent to the English un-, so it’s an equal and un-equal action! So, equal and opposite!

The literal translation:

Law III: Every action always makes an equal and un-equal reaction: the force of two bodies are always equal and directed towards un-equal paths.

So now let’s go to my favorite part, the formula.

The third law formula offers no new concepts, except for the use of…. I don’t know the correct word for that… Well, the small letters representing to which body the force is related. The $\vec{F}_{1,2}$  is related to the force body 1 makes on the second, and $\vec{F}_{2,1}$ is the force of body 2 interacting on body 1. As the enunciate says, they are equal and opposite, hence the minus signal. Their magnitude is equal, but they have opposite directions.

If you don’t like physics, I’m pretty sure this post was extremely boring. If you do, you probably know most, if not all of what was said here, so it was also boring. As a bonus for those of you that didn’t die in the middle of the post, check this out!

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Filed under Latin, Physics, Quenya, Sarati, Tengwar

## (Isaac Newton + Physics)² X Quenya = !!!

Physics… One of the oldest sciences, dating to the ancient Greek philosophers, before even Socrates. It tries to satisfy an evergrowing need of the humankind to understand what the hell is this  weird place we call home, the Universe.
A some of you may already know, I myself am a physics student, so it was about time I made this post
For a good while I had this idea on my mind… What physics topic could I translate to Quenya? I talked to Erunno a few times about it, but he, as usual, told me I should leave the Dark Side of the Force. Then it struck me like an apple falling on my head.
Isaac Newton’s laws of motion!
Why? Oh well… It’s simple. Newton was a hell of a genius. He studied astronomy, he developed a new kind of mathematics called calculus and he simply understood how most bodies move! (unless, of course, you want things moving near the speed of light… Then you’ll have to call our friend Albert Einstein). Without him, we would never ever have reached the scientific advances we have.
So here they are:  Sanyer Nyutonwa Levien Quenyanna!

## First law

Ilya hroa serë tápina hya úvistala leviëssë tëanna, tenna levië ahya napanna túrenen.

Newton’s first law tells us that a movement can only be changed (ie: its speed can only vary) if all vectorial forces added to the body result in a vector different to the null vector. Whaaat? If I push a box on one side and you do it with equal force on the other, it won’t move. In general terms: if there is one (or more!) force overpowering the others, the body will move.

## Second Law

I ahië leviéva ná nyarna napanna túrenen, ar lelyëas tentaina tëanna napanna túrenen.

The second law tells us that a body’s acceleration is related to its mass and the force applied to it.  In general terms: there is relation between the force added to a body and the change of speed it’ll get. And what defines this is mass.

## Third Law

Ilya carda illumë carë imya ar ilimya encarda: i túrë hroar atta ná illumë imya ar tentaina ilimyë tiennar.

This is probably the most common law: the action and reaction. It seems like a very easy concept… But it can get complicated. This law says that whenever a body interacts with another producing a force, this force has the same magnitude (ie. intensity) on both bodies, but directed to opposite sides. Whaaaaat? Slap the face of the nearest person to you. No, just kidding, don’t do that. But let’s suppose you did. It would hurt him/her, but it would also hurt you back. Get up and walk. Your feet try to push the ground, but the ground pushes back, allowing you to move. Beautiful, isn’t it?

You may be asking yourselves… Why did I use tinco for force (instead of fórmen, for example). Why that Sarati to represent the Σ? And why Sarati instead of Tengwar? Well… As that is a more complicated matter, that requires deeper explanations and understanding of physical concepts (and more Quenya knowledge), I’ll leave it to a separated post, coming later this week. I hope you enjoyed it… This was by far one of the hardest posts I did… And without Erunno’s help, it would never come out. Thanks also to Erutulco for the Tengwar LaTeX packages (an idea for a future post, maybe?), as they gave me many ideas on how to write these equations.
See you next time!

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