Alburg – One of the oldest settlements in Rohan, Aldburg stood on a green hill in the region known as the Folde, some miles to the southeast of Edoras. During Eorl’s time it was the chief township of Rohan,… Read more
Amon Ethir – A hill raised by the people of Finrod in the wide plain of Talath Dirnen, a league (approximately three miles) east of the Doors of Nargothrond above the river Narog. Over the years, trees grew…Read more
Annúminas – The city of the Kings of Arnor, on the shores of Nenuial. The city was founded by Elendil himself, on the shores of the northern lake Nenuial, near the sources of the Baranduin. It was… Read more
Ascar – The northernmost of the rivers that flowed through Ossiriand, along the northern bank of which lay the Dwarf-road from the Blue Mountains. It was renamed Rathlóriel(‘Goldenbed‘) after the sinking of…Read more.
Brethil – A forest on the western marches of Doriath. It was occupied in the later years of the First Age by the Edain of the House of Haleth, and it was there that Túrin Turambar slew the dragon Glaurung.
Cirith Gorgor – Called the Haunted Pass, the point where the mountain ranges of the Ered Lithui and the Ephel Dúath met, to the northwest of Mordor. It was sealed by the Black Gate of the Morannon,…Read more
Erech – An ancient site at the feet of the White Mountains in Gondor, though it seems to have predated the foundation of that land. Erech was most famous for a huge Stone, said to have fallen from heaven…Read more
Gladden Fields – The marshlands that formed where the Gladden River flowed down out of the Misty Mountains and into the Great River Anduin. This was the site of Isildur’s loss of the One Ring…Read more
Harrowdale – The name given to the deep north-south valley cut out of the White Mountains by the Snowbourn River. At its southern end, beneath the mountain known as the Starkhorn, stood Dunharrow,…Read more
Haven Of Umbar – A natural harbourage far to the south of the Bay of Belfalas. It was used by the Númenóreans during the Second Age, and it was here that Sauron surrendered himself to Ar-Pharazôn. Its history…Read more
Min-Rimmon – One of the seven beacon-hills of Gondor, on the northern flanks of the White Mountains. With Eilenach and Amon Dîn, Min-Rimmon was one of the oldest beacons, set in place even before the… Read more
Orodruin – The fire-mountain in the northern parts of Mordor, in which Sauron forged the One Ring during the Second Age, and into which the same Ring fell thousands of years later to bring about… Read more
Ost-In-Edhil – The chief city of Eregion, the great Elvish nation of the mid-Second Age. It was here that the House of the Mírdain stood, and here too that the Rings of Power were forged by Celebrimbor and…Read more
Pass Of Anach – A pass through the western Ered Gorgoroth, and the only southward route out of the land of Dorthonion. It was discovered by the spies of Morgoth after the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, and used by…Read more
Ramdal – A cluster of low hills in East Beleriand, some miles to the west of Amon Ereb. They marked the eastern extent of the Andram, the Long Wall that ran eastward for many leagues from the hills around Nargothrond.
Scary – A small settlement that lay in the hilly region that formed the northern parts of the Eastfarthing, which also gave its name to the surrounding stony hills. Tolkien associates the name with…Read more
Stairs of Cirith Ungol – A pair of steep Stairs that cut into the Mountains of Shadow on the borders of Mordor. They led upward and away from Minas Morgul, the city that guarded the main pass through the…Read more
Taniquetil – After the Lamps of the Valar were destroyed by Melkor in the distant past of the World, the Valar themselves withdrew from Middle-earth into a land on the far western edges of Arda… Read more
Tharbad – An ancient city of Men that grew up where the North-South Road crossed the River Gwathló (Greyflood). Tharbad was deserted in the late Third Age after it was devastated in the floods that…Read more
Thrihyrne – The three steep-sided mountain peaks that stood out above the gorge of Helm’s Deep. They were the northernmost of the White Mountains, and so they also marked the southern edge of the…Read more
Tol Eressëa – The Lonely Isle of the Elves of Aman, on which Ulmo brought the Elves to Valinor long ages before the rising of the Sun and Moon, and on which many still dwell within sight of the Blessed Realm.
Tol Falas – A large island, also named in the form Tolfalas, that stood beyond the Ethir Anduin in the Bay of Belfalas. Its sharp southern cape was traditionally considered as marking the southernmost point of Gondor proper.
Tookbank – The smaller of the two main settlements of the Tookland, about seven miles to the west of Tuckborough, which was the larger of the two towns in the region. The name ‘Tookbank’ is clearly derived…Read more
Upbourn – One of the small villages that lay in the White Mountains, in the valley of the River Snowbournknown as Harrowdale. This placed it close to Rohan’s capital of Edoras, and indeed it was on the road…Read more
Vales Of Sirion – The wide valley of the River Sirion, that separated West Beleriand from East Beleriand. The term (also seen in the singular form ‘Vale of Sirion’) seems to apply especially to that part of…Read more